There are a number of key, inter-related issues that together determine how organizations and the people who work in them behave and either participate in wrong-doing or resist and report it. They are:
- reprisals for truth-tellers and often impunity for wrong-doers
- weak whistleblower protection laws
- dysfunctional organizational cultures
- attitudes/ideologies in the courts
- attitudes in governmental standing committees with oversight responsibilities – political culture
The functioning of courts and parliamentary standing committees in whistleblowing cases is important as these are normally the mechanisms that we expect will provide checks on organizational abuses of power.